He got his early education in Riyadh. He graduated from Imam Saud University, Riyadh and got a Masters Degree in Comparative Islamic Jurisprudence. He also has a Masters Degree in International Law from George Town, Washington DC, USA. Hence Sheikh Talib also understands English Language.
Sheikh Talib is also a Judge in the High Court of Makkah, the date of his appointment is unknown. He was appointed as the Imam and Khateeb of Masjid Al Haram in 2003
The reason for so little information about him is due to the fact that during his tour to New Zealand in 2014, he said that he doesn't likes to be praised hence he gives out less information about himself
Sheikh Talib usually leads Salat Al Isha in Masjid Al Haram.
Here is a video of his recently led Salah: